General

What are the most common diseases in infants? ( one )

What are the most common diseases in infants? ( one )

The most common diseases in infants since the newborn period
and measures to be taken against these diseases.
Diseases Specialist Anıl Yeşildağ tells the story.
Gas pains / vomiting:

If you tell me what is the most upsetting and exhausting problem of a newborn baby's family for the first 1-2 months, sometimes unfortunately for 3-4 months, gas pains come to my mind first. So I want to explore this in more detail.

The first 2-3 months of babies stomach cover does not work very well. For this reason, immediately after feeding, to be laid and removed, to change or to change the dressing-peeling to turn the baby's stomach, nauseating the milk to make more gas, more importantly, the milk, as the bottle comes out of an open bottle with the lid. Do not be fooled to let your baby produce gas in 2-3 minutes. Therefore, “please keep your baby in an upright and immobile position for 15-20 minutes after feeding”

In spite of all these precautions, if your baby has complaints such as pulling his feet on his stomach, crying constantly, straining-flushing-restlessness, these are usually gas pains. In this case, it may be beneficial to use medications that your doctor recommends, such as a painkiller suppository and a gas drop. Painkillers and suppositories are useful for future fever and vaccine reactions.

Some measures to trick the baby after gas pains:

1. Put a warm towel on your stomach and massage
2. Taking a warm shower
3. Taking a ride by car (one of the best methods)
4. If you do not have this possibility, vacuum cleaner-hair dryer or aspirator at home
such as running a motorized tool near your baby
distribute.

However, if all these cries are turning your life into a nightmare, some simple tests that your doctor may recommend may be necessary. Because this situation is thought to be gas pains sometimes can be a harbinger of some discomfort.

False constipation

After the first 1-2 months we see this problem in most babies. In fact, poop is not hard, but still juicy, but the baby collects 3-6 days to collect this poop by force. The reason is that the baby is weak and has to lie down and poop. Abdominal muscles are weak, these difficulties are due to him.

As a result, this is not actually a problem, but often a temporary situation, usually in 5-6 months, the baby grows stronger and more active, especially with the introduction of additional food passes. So for this poop, which is already juicy, it is pointless and unnecessary to give syrups that soften stool consistency. Sometimes, syrups help regulate bowel movements. It is usually enough to give a warning to the breech with a cream-cleaning ear cleaning stick. Do not apply the suppository before 5-6 days. Don't worry if his poop is juicy at the end.

Scalp crusting (host-seborrheic dermatitis):

Scalp shells are common in infants. Dry white or yellow scales form a shell on the scalp. It can be seen as a crust that affects a small area on the skull, or it can occur as a crust on a larger area.

Usually, specially prepared shampoos for babies with pH-adjusted prevent the formation of the host as well as helps to improve. However, a mixture of olive oil and carbonate prepared by your doctor may be applied before washing. After waiting for 5-10 minutes, these shells are carefully removed with a soft comb and washed from the back. It is usually sufficient to repeat this process 2-3 times a week.

Teething:

Most babies begin to take their first tooth when they are 6-7 months old. Rarely, some babies are born with a tooth, some are 3-5 months early, and others take their first tooth in 9 months.
Different situations are observed in each baby, some babies have too much difficulty in getting their teeth out, while others have teeth without problems.

When a baby is teething, the gums may become red, swollen, sore, and the baby dribbles more than usual. An effect on the sore gums causes the baby to cry. During this period, the baby may wish to suckle the mother more often and refuse solid foods. In such cases, it would be best to breastfeed frequently for a few days and not to force the baby to eat solid foods. However, with every slobbering and itchy baby may not be able to pull out the teeth in a short time and these symptoms may begin several months before.

Teething is often accused of being the cause of colds, diarrhea, fever and many ailments. However, if these symptoms are associated with teething, the disease is usually too light to try. However, teething is a normal process and is not a disease in itself, so it should not be neglected to think of it as çıkarma teething only ise when other symptoms are seen, especially if it is severe. In particular, a flame exceeding 38, especially 39, should never be attributed to tooth extraction. In this case, the child should be taken to a doctor and the cause of the fever should be investigated.

Teething is not a disease. If your baby also has diarrhea, fever and vomiting, contact your doctor.

How can you help your baby during teething?

Give him a plastic ring to bite. Teething rings that contain water and gel that are cooled in the refrigerator can be useful. It is also very important to pay attention to the cleanliness of such materials. If age is appropriate, chewing bread crusts and cereals can be given to apple and pear pieces. However, they should be as big as possible in order to prevent them from getting into their throats.

If the baby is still in pain, ask your pediatrician for a teething gel to relieve the pain. Painkillers can also be useful. Carefully follow your doctor's instructions as to how often and how often the gel or medication should be given. If your baby dribbles a large amount of salivary, the chin and mouth area may become red and scarred. Ask your pediatrician for a softening and protective cream.