General

Recommendations for winter pregnant women

Recommendations for winter pregnant women

WOMEN'S DISEASES

Vaginal infections and currents

Vaginal discharge is divided into two groups as physiological and pathological discharge. Pathological currents are caused by protozoan (parasites), viruses, bacteria (aerobes, anaerobes) and fungal infections of the vagina or cervix.
Physiological discharge occurs due to high estrogen levels, sexual arousal and pregnancy. Estrogen production in a pregnant woman is higher than in a normal woman. The high level of estrogen hormone circulating in the blood increases the blood flow in the genital organs and causes water retention in the genital tissues. As a result, sensitive nerve endings in the region become more sensitive and cause increased sexual interest and sexual arousal. Physiological discharge caused by pregnancy is usually clear. Sometimes it may contain white particles. These are clusters of cast vaginal epithelium (surface cells). Treatment of physiological currents is unnecessary. In pathological vaginal discharge, color and odor are different. Pain is usually bilateral and sometimes itching reaches irritating dimensions. Most of the drugs used in the treatment of vaginal infections and currents are harmful to certain periods of pregnancy and some of them are harmful to the baby in the whole process. A doctor should be consulted.

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a combination of multiple microbe (microorganism) infection. The cause of the disease is bacteria living in an oxygen-free environment. The most important symptom is yellow-gray colored smelly discharge.
Patients generally state that the bad smell becomes apparent after sexual intercourse. Diagnosis is made by the presence of key cells on microscopic examination. Infection causes premature labor in pregnant women, premature water supply, inflammation of the sac membranes and the fluid in it. In the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, drugs that can be used safely during pregnancy can be used systemically (orally) or locally effective (with vaginal creams).

DRUG USE IN PREGNANCY AND VACCINES
When administering medication to a pregnant woman, the adverse effects of the disease on the health of the expectant mother, the accumulation of the drug in the tissues, the high level of stay in the blood, the placenta passability and the gestational week of the pregnancy in the fetus should be evaluated. Pregnant women during the process of gastric emptying is delayed and consequently the absorption of drugs absorbed in the intestines may slow down. In addition, drugs that are absorbed from the stomach pass into the blood at a higher rate due to this delay. During labor, gastric emptying is reduced and even stops. Therefore, oral medication should not be given. During pregnancy, a mother who has gained 12 kilograms accumulates an extra 3-4 kilograms of fat. This causes the fat-soluble drugs to accumulate in the tissue and slowly release and the effect of the drug may be prolonged. Drug use during pregnancy is divided into groups. And as a result of controlled studies, it is observed that some of the drugs do not pose a health risk during pregnancy and some of them should never be used. Candidates should not use any medication without consulting their doctor.

RUBBER VACCINE
It is important that expectant mothers have immunity to rubella. And they must be vaccinated before becoming pregnant. Vaccination is not recommended during pregnancy. Rubella can cause birth defects, especially if it occurs during the first 3 months of pregnancy.

MUMPS VACCINE
Naturally transmitted mumps do not cause premature birth or birth defects. However, if mumps infection occurs in the first trimester, it may increase the risk of miscarriage. The mumps vaccine is not recommended within 3 months of pregnancy and during pregnancy.

Flu vaccine
Pregnant mothers whose second and third trimesters coincide with the widespread period of the flu epidemic should be injected. Pregnant women with influenza, this disease can overcome more severe than other people and can catch pneumonia. A simple flu; Causes headache, fever, sore throat, and cough. Most of these symptoms last for 4 days, but cough and fatigue may persist for 2 weeks or longer. This does not affect the baby. The best time to get the flu shot is October or November.

HEALTHY EATING
Pregnancy begins with a new life in the womb. All the needs of the baby are provided by the mother during pregnancy. For this reason, it is imperative for the mother to have a balanced and healthy diet with the right foods. Proper and balanced nutrition does not need to take additional vitamins. Candidates should avoid sugary, fatty, refined carbohydrate-containing foods when organizing their meals; fresh vegetables, fruits, vitamins and minerals with low fat content, rich in protein-rich foods should be preferred. Proteins form the cornerstone of vital organs such as the heart, liver and kidney, as well as muscle and tissue cells. The structure of proteins contains the amino acids necessary for the survival and proliferation of cells. There are 20 kinds of amino acids necessary for the body and our body can produce 12 of them. But the expectant mother has to take other amino acids with food. In order for the baby to develop in the womb, the protein requirement of pregnant women increases by 65 percent. While the body needs 45-60 grams of protein per day before pregnancy, it increases to 75-100 grams during pregnancy. The mother should have protein-rich foods in all three meals and consume as little sugar and bakery foods as possible.

There are foods you should consume every day. These:
Bread and cereal: Take 4 or more meals.
1 meal = 1 slice of bread, 3-4 plates of cornflakes or half a plate of rice or pasta.
Vegetables, salads and fruits: Take 4 or more meals.
1 meal = Half plate of cooked vegetables or salad, 1 fresh fruit, half a cup of juice or half a cup of fruit.
Eat a meal of vitamin C-rich fruits or vegetables (orange, tangerine, grapefruit, lemon, kiwi, strawberry, pineapple, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts, potatoes) every day. Green or yellow vegetables such as peas, red beans, spinach, carrots and zucchini should also be taken as a meal.
Meat, fish, eggs, cheese, nuts, chicken: Take 2 meals each day. For a main course, eat 75-100 grams of meat, fish or chicken at a meal.
Foods rich in calcium: Take 1100 grams of calcium during the day during pregnancy and 1200 grams during lactation.
Oil or margarine: Consume 15-30 grams every day.

Alternative menus for meals

Breakfast
Option 1
1 glass of orange juice
1 bowl of multigrain cereal (oatsmeal flakes) or 2 tablespoons of fresh fruit.
1 cup skimmed milk
Herbal tea

Option 2
1 egg
1 toast bread with butter
1 glass of orange juice
1 bowl of yogurt

Option 3
Pancake made of wheat
1 slice of melon
1 cup skimmed milk
Decaffeinated coffee

Lunch
Option 1
Turkey or cheese sandwich between wheat bread (tomato and lettuce) 1 cup skim milk, Apple

Option 2
A bowl of soup
Salad
Corn bread
1 cup skimmed milk

Option 3
Chicken salad
Wheat bread
1 cup skimmed milk

Dinner
Option 1
Hamburger made with wheat bread (tomato and lettuce)
Mineral water

Option 2
Chicken
Black rice
Boiled Broccoli
Melon
Water

Option 3
Salmon
Baked potatoes
Water

Meal options
Fruit
Cracker
Grape


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