While the rate of depression in children is between 3-5 percent, this rate can reach up to 4-8 percent in adolescents. Psychologist Reyan Kanyas of Acıbadem Etiler Medical Center states that the symptoms of depression change according to gender. According to research, girls' reaction to the problems, rather than throwing out into throwing. Stating that they are more likely to show depressive symptoms than men due to this reaction, Psychologist Kanyas listed the reasons that increase the likelihood of having depression in children: The presence of individuals suffering from depression in the family, domestic problems, continuous conflicts between parents, problems in interpersonal relationships, abandonment fear and losses çocuklar Children under stress, attention deficit, children with learning or behavioral disorders are at higher risk of depression.
EXTREMELY Crying DEPRESSION SYMPTOMS IN BABIES
Symptoms of depression in children can be similar to those in adults, but sometimes depression can be manifested in different ways. While stagnation, excessive crying, restlessness, irritability, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss and delay in physical development in infancy may be the precursor of depression in the child; in older children, depression may occur as physical complaints such as unhappiness, distress, apathy, aggression or headache / abdominal pain.
A child who enjoys spending time with people now wants to be alone and does not want to care about anything; If things that used to amuse him now have little or no fun for him, it may be a sign of depression. Reyan Kanyas, who points out that a child suffering from depression, is disliked and can make statements like a 'bad child', says, sık He often blames himself for the events. His self-confidence decreases, he becomes timid, he can talk about suicide as he wants to die. Depressed adolescents can hope to feel better about smoking, alcohol or drug use in order to feel better. ” Children who break the order at school or at home may also be suffering from depression. Sometimes children may exhibit behavioral problems such as anger and aggression and mask their depression. In addition, depression can lead to falls in children's school performance, lack of concentration and attention.
Reyan Kanyas, the symptoms of depression in children listed as follows:
• Frequent sadness and crying
• Sleep disorders and changes in eating habits
• Indifference to the activities he likes, not to enjoy
• Lack of energy
• Self-abstraction, lack of communication
• Lack of self-esteem, guilt
• Anger, destructive actions, aggression
• Decrease in concentration, failure in school
• Physical complaints such as headache, abdominal pain
• Suicidal or self-destructive thoughts
Depression in undiagnosed and untreated people causes disruptions in daily life and increases the risk of suicide. Therefore, the diagnosis and treatment of depression is important. In this case, parents and teachers should educate themselves about children's mental health and be a good observer of children's behavior; they should seek professional help if necessary. In addition to personal therapy, experts can recommend working with the family for a comprehensive treatment and, if necessary, medication use.