The most common diseases in infants since the newborn period and the measures that can be taken against these diseases Child Health and Diseases Specialist Dr.. Anıl Yeşildağ continues to share with you.
Diaper rashes can range from slight redness on the baby's butt to hard skin formation with bright red spots and wounds.
Most babies have severe or mild diaper rashes. Nine or twelve-month-olds are at greater risk. Newborn babies are less likely to have diaper rashes because they are often changed.
Change the diaper frequently to avoid rashes. If possible, change diapers every time your baby poops.
Clean and dry your baby's bottom every time you change the diaper. Some diapers and soaps may irritate your baby's skin. If you observe this, use an alternative soap.
When changing the diaper, allow the baby to play without diapers for as long as possible (eg lay on a towel) before placing the diaper underneath. Because the diaper under the sun will lead to a bagel.
Use preventive cream to protect your baby's skin. Make sure the skin is dry before applying the cream.
If you use cloth diapers, be sure to clean and wash thoroughly and sterilize. Do not use detergent, use white soap powder, which can also be used in the machine.
Sometimes baby diaper rashes are not cleared and can become infected. Fungal infections are common diseases in the gland area. It is usually seen with red spots and is bright red. It can spread to the upper legs, sexual areas. You may need to use fungal cream for treatment. Your doctor can refer you to this.
Skin crevices and cuts:
If the wound does not need to be sutured and does not bleed heavily, wash the wound with a mild soap and water, then dry it with light touch. After cleaning with an antiseptic liquid such as batikon or betadine, cover with a band-aid. If any signs of infection (redness, blistering or pus) appear, consult your pediatrician.
To alleviate the pain, apply cold water to the affected area (do not use ice because it will further damage the skin tissue.) It may be beneficial to apply a burnt cream such as silverdin to protect the skin. If bubbles form, do not explode, as open parts can easily catch germs. Widespread burns, face and hand burns must be treated in a health facility.
In summer, babies and children should be protected with special sunscreen for infants with a protective factor of thirty / thirty when exposed to the sun. In addition, do not expose your baby to direct sunlight and wear protective clothing. In particular, the hat will be useful in preventing heat stroke. It is best to keep the baby in a shadow place between 11: 00-16: 00, when the sun comes upright. In spite of all these precautions, if your baby has sunburn, you can use some gel or solution that alleviates the pain or even mild pain relief syrup or suppository. However, if symptoms of heat stroke such as vomiting, weakness, drowsiness or fever occur, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Most insect bites and stings are seen as hard bulges. For bee stings, gently remove the needle of the bee with a sterile tweezer or needle. Apply cold compresses to relieve pain (Most children are allergic to bee stings - if you have a rapid swelling or breathing difficulties, seek medical attention immediately.) Mosquito bites are common, especially in infants. Hemoglobin in infants' blood draws insects. Clean and dry the bite, then apply a soothing cream to the skin (eg Benadryl ointment) Cut and keep the child's nails clean to prevent nail scratches.
Apply cold compresses to numbness and swelling of the injured area. Use painkillers to relieve the pain of the wound. If your child has numbness, memory loss, or vomiting after a head injury, seek medical advice for the diagnosis. Contact your nearest health care provider immediately.
Babies should not be given medication due to fatigue. Doctors say this increases stomach problems. Let your child rest. If symptoms are severe or do not disappear within 1-2 days, consult your pediatrician.
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