Edema, which can be defined as swelling, is seen to a certain degree in almost all pregnant women and approximately 75% of the women have enough to cause complaints. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. Contact Alper directly tells the curious about the subject.
Why do swelling occur during pregnancy?
Pregnant a woman's daily water requirement is higher than that of non-pregnant women. One of the tasks of water in pregnancy is to provide the necessary support for the baby as it grows and at the same time prepare the pelvic joints for delivery. A expectant mother will drink more water than usual, and some of this fluid will be held in the body. During pregnancy expectant Almost a quarter of the weight gain is the source of this excess liquid. The volume of blood circulating in the veins of a pregnant woman is about 50% greater. As there is some expansion in the vessels with increasing blood volume, some of the excess fluid accumulates between the cells in the tissue. In this case edema is called.
Are swellings seen in all pregnant women?
Swelling edema can be defined as a certain degree in almost all pregnant women, and about 75% of women are in a size that can cause complaints. Swelling is more pronounced in women who have a weight problem before pregnancy or who gain excess weight during pregnancy. The swelling is more severe in patients with multiple pregnancies.
Where do swellings occur most?
Edema seen in the second trimester of pregnancy occurs most commonly in the feet and ankles. Swelling becomes more pronounced, especially late in the day and if standing for a long time. The fact that the air is warm is a factor that accelerates the formation of edema. It is not surprising that at the end of such a day your shoes are narrow to your feet. Even in most women, the size of shoes grows by 2-3 as the end of pregnancy approaches. Some women may also have swelling of the hands and wrists, rings may be narrow.
Can swelling be a harbinger of a serious condition?
Swelling during pregnancy it is not an indication of a medical condition that can be serious only as long as it is in the feet and wrists. However, it can be an early symptom of preeclampsia when it is combined with symptoms such as headache, visual impairment, abdominal pain or high blood pressure and urine protein which do not go away with simple painkillers. Similarly, if the swelling does not go down at rest, if your doctor tells you that you are at high risk for preeclampsia, you should call your doctor if your blood pressure is high.
Is there a connection between the occurrence of swelling and feeding habits?
Dietary habits are another cause of swelling. It was found that a significant proportion of women who suffer from swelling too much do not take enough protein. The necessary protein can be taken with meat and similar nutrients, or it may be enough to consume 3 portions of milk or dairy products daily. Sometimes it can be seen that the problem is solved only by increasing the protein intake.
Another nutritional approach is appropriate salt intake. Most people think that too much salt causes water retention and therefore swelling. In fact, the opposite is true. Inadequate salt intake can also make edema. The important thing is to consume enough salt and create balances.
What are the other treatment options except nutrition changes?
Another treatment approach is hydrotherapy. In a recent study, it has been shown that aerobic and even resting feet in a warm tub for a while supports the pregnant uterus and helps to remove excess water through the kidneys. However, you should keep in mind that sitting in a hot tub can increase your body temperature to undesirable levels.
What are your suggestions to eliminate swelling?
Lift Your Feet
When you have the opportunity during the day, place your foot on a chair or similar object and lift it up for a while. Try to do this every chance. Do not cross your legs while sitting. Sit as long as possible at home in the evening if you work. Don't sit with your feet hanging
Try to rest as much as possible and turn to the left.
Contrary to popular belief, drinking water in case of swelling does not increase swelling, but reduces it. The important thing is not to restrict water, but to move it. Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day
Take a Walk
Common problems in pregnancy, including swelling, are mild in women who exercise regularly and walk. The gait allows your veins to function more effectively and facilitates the dispersion of fluid accumulated in the tissue range.
Stay away from any overclothing. Do not wear rubber tight socks and tight pants around the waist. Wear comfortable and heelless shoes. If swelling is very uncomfortable and causes pain, and especially if you have varicose veins, it may be beneficial to wear varicose stockings. For this purpose, specially produced socks for pregnant women prefer.
Watch out for what you eat
Salt restriction may reduce swelling in the first place but may not work in the long term. Take the appropriate amount of salt. Do not add extra salt to food, but do not turn to salty foods
Don't Neglect Your Controls
Although swellings are often harmless, they may also be the first sign of preeclampsia. If the swelling develops suddenly or is very excessive, it can be a serious underlying condition, not only on the feet but also on the face and hand.