What is the Most Useful Food for My Newborn Baby?
The only nutrient ideal for the newborn baby is breast milk. Breast milk should be given as long as the baby wants, and in the first days, the interval between two breastfeeding should not be longer than 4 hours.
What can I do to increase the amount of breast milk?
The mother should start breastfeeding immediately after birth, believe in the importance of breastfeeding, frequent breastfeeding, take plenty of fluids (at least 3 liters per day), rest during the day and be as stress-free as possible.
It is the responsibility of the medical team to monitor the natural process of breastfeeding, prepare them psychologically and physiologically for this natural task, and monitor the mothers during pregnancy and immediately after birth. In order to ensure the continuity of breast milk, it is also important to give the baby only breast milk (even without water) for the first six months.
Professor Dr. Contact Mehmet directly
Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine
Department of Child Health and Diseases
Why are organic foods healthier?
Organic foods, chemical drugs and hormones, such as hormones that are harmful to our health does not contain substances that are grown under natural conditions, prepared with natural preservatives. Chemical drugs that can accumulate because they cannot be removed from the body can cause serious health problems for a baby with a life expectancy of 70 years on average. For this reason, parents should wash all non-organic vegetables and fruits in water and then peel them and consume them and prefer vegetables and fruits suitable for the season.
Should I include organic foods in my child's diet?
Organic products with a logo and a certificate shown on demand (hormone-free product does not mean organic) are the most accurate and healthy products to be preferred in baby nutrition. In today's world, where developed countries such as the United States discuss the necessity of organic nutrition in children aged 0-2, considering that things are contaminated in foodstuffs, like many things, we should include organic foods in the nutrition of our children for healthy generations and their healthy dimaks.
Professor Dr. Contact Raşit directly
Ege University Faculty of Medicine
Faculty, Department of Child Health and Diseases
Why is Baby Nutrition more important than adult nutrition?
The first year of your life is when your baby's growth curve is the steepest, 3 times its weight at the time of birth, 50% in length and the fastest brain development. It is possible for people to acquire the right nutrition habit and reach the potential development curve by feeding with health in the first years. In addition, with proper and balanced nutrition during this period, we protect our babies from future diseases. In the case of unbalanced nutrition, the baby cannot reach its physical and mental potential.
How should they feed babies whose stomachs are smaller than adults?
During this period, the nutrients given should be nutritious and should be easily digested by our babies. For brain development, nutrients containing prebiotic fibers should be given importance to strengthen the Omega 3 and 6 immune system. In order to prevent iron deficiency in infants, additional food should be doped into iron supplements during transition and foods containing vitamin C should be given to increase iron absorption.
In the first six months, we should ensure that the growth curve is obtained with formula milk (baby formula) prepared according to the needs of the baby in case of insufficient breast milk. Milk spoon formulas and cereal spoon formulas prepared with continuation milk are the appropriate choices for the first foods in the 6th month when the supplementary food is started.
Dr. Contact Gülsen directly
Child Health and Diseases Specialist
What is reflux disease, is it seen in childhood?
Reflux is the escalation of gastric acid into the esophagus and damages the lining. This condition can be seen from the newborn period. It is common in neonates and infants, most of them are physiological, and if the disease persists, symptoms will occur.
What are the signs of the disease, how is it treated?
Symptoms of the disease include a wide range of recurrent vomiting, weight loss, loss of appetite, refusal to feed, chest pain and burning, difficulty swallowing, recurrent lower and upper respiratory tract infections, asthma-like lung diseases, sinusitis and anemia. Treatment may cause stenosis of the esophagus and destruction of the lining cells.
First, correct diagnosis is important. Nutrition should be regulated, low and frequent nutrition, infants should not be fed inpatient, not fed at night, sodas and fastfood foods should not be consumed, chocolate and cocoa foods should not be exaggerated. Obesity triggers the disease.
It can be treated with drugs that reduce stomach acidity in children and accelerate stomach and intestinal movements; when necessary, foods that reduce reflux can be used; healthy nutrition should be continued after treatment. Response to treatment in childhood is good; surgical treatment is applied only to patients who do not respond.
Professor Dr. Fügen Çollu Cuğraş
IU Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine
Child Health and Diseases Specialist
What should I pay attention to when choosing bottle foods?
Baby bottle foods are products that are produced for use in baby feeding. The first consideration when using baby bottle formulas is the age of the baby. If bottle food is to be used instead of or in combination with breast milk in the first six months, foods prepared taking into account the nutritional composition of breast milk should be preferred. Bottle formulas, which are the equivalent of breast milk, are produced taking into consideration all the properties found in breast milk. However, it is still impossible to replace some biological properties in breast milk.
If the bottle food is to be used after the sixth month, the products which we call the continuation formula should be selected. The point that the producers emphasize when producing foods is the characteristics of breast milk. For this reason, the nutritional values of breastmilk are taken into consideration in the continuation formulas.
Until when should I feed my baby bottle food?
Bottle formulas can be used as an alternative to breast milk or cow's milk for infant feeding up to two years of age. After the sixth month, each baby should be prepared for adult feeding up to one year of age. Babies should be given the ability to eat with appropriate foods and palate pleasures should be developed.
Professor Dr. Contact Benal directly
Head of Department of Child Health and Diseases
Development of normal and only 6 months of breast milk in babies should start after 6 months. The important point when starting additional foods is the nutritional value of the food, preparation of the baby in accordance with the chewing-swallowing function and the socioeconomic level of the family.
• The first rule of starting additional food is that the baby is self-supporting and can sit without support.
• Babies who have completed their 6th month passively take soft mashy nutrients from the spoon and transfer the food from the front of the tongue to the esophagus. Therefore, additional nutrients to be started should be given to the baby as puree. Puree consistency is obtained when the food is cleaned, cooked with steam or with little water, passed through a glass grate and passed through a thick perforated sieve. If you want to soften the consistency a little more, you can add your mother's own milk instead of water. Your baby will eat more appetite you will see!
• Additional nutrients should be given to the baby, fresh and prepared daily.
• The nutrients to be introduced to the baby are not in mixture and should be given individually.
• Each additional nutrient should be given for at least 3 days and maximum 1 week alone and then switched to a new one.
• Additional nutrients should be given to the baby with a spoon before noon.
• Supplementary food should be rich in protein, energy, calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A.
Specialist Dyt. Contact Selahattin directly
Turkey Representative of the American Dietetic Association
Why did they take blood from my baby's heel?
In our country, a few drops of blood taken from the heels of newborn babies and the presence of a congenital disease called phenylketonuria are investigated. If the disease is not recognized, many problems occur, including mental retardation. If the diagnosis is made early and treatment is started early, these children can continue their normal development without any problems.
What kind of disease is feniketonuria?
Phenylketonuria is a congenital disease. Due to the existing genetic disorder, special substances required to use a nutrient called phenylalanine in proteins cannot be made. Thus, phenylalanine accumulates without being removed from the body. Many nutrients that are normally necessary and useful are harmful to these children. During their lifetime, especially in the infancy and childhood, when the brain develops, they need to meet their protein needs from special foods, and they need low-protein foods for energy.
What will my blood be used for?
Blood from your baby's heel is examined in one of the four centers in our country. If the child does not have pheniketonuria, the family is not informed. About one in every 3000-5000 babies have high levels of phenylalanine in the blood. These children undergo further examination in private centers and if the diagnosis of pheniketonuria is confirmed, treatment is initiated. The most important part of the treatment is the regulation of the diet. Physicians and dieticians work together to determine a specific diet according to the age and development of the child.
Contact Benal directly
Faculty, Department of Child Health and Diseases
Dear Mothers and Fathers
We know that you prefer natural and healthy products while feeding your baby. Unfortunately, it is not easy to find unadulterated and hormone-free products nowadays. Even many vegetables and fruits that we think are natural are actually threatening our health because of pesticides and fertilizers. That's why we recommend you to use jar food produced by organic farming for the healthy development of your baby.
Why Organic Farming:
Organic farming is the most natural form of agriculture.
• Soils where organic farming is carried out are clean ones away from the industrial zones.
• Controlled water is used at each stage for irrigation.
• Chemical pesticides are not used in pest control.
• Natural fertilizer is selected instead of artificial fertilizer.
• Vegetables, fruits and cereals are ripened in the natural process without using fertilizing hormones and chemical techniques: they are collected at the most appropriate time in terms of nutritional values.
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